Detachment

Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu admonished that while living in the world, one should not renounce the world, still he should not have an undue attachment for it because detachment from the world (Zuhd) is a means of attaining God. It is related that someone begged Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu to give him a precept. Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu said:

“Do not let your wives and children be a cause of concern for you, for if they be the friends of God, He will look after His friends, and if they are the enemies of God, why should you take care of God’s enemies?”

Patience

In the mystic way, the traveller will meet many trials and tribulations. God subjects His lovers to severe testing, and only he will pass such tests who is patient. Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu was the personification of patience, and for this he acquired the epithet of “Job, the Second.” In the battle of Uhud, Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu received as many as 61 wounds on his person so that his whole body looked like one massive wound to which the nurses were unable to dress. Although Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu was in mortal agony, he said: “May God Grant me the patience to bear this suffering. Is it not a favour of God that He gave me the courage to stand and fight, and not to leave the field?”

About the patience of Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu, Dr. Ata Mohyuddin writes as follows in his Ali, the Superman:

“Ali used to say that at no time in his life had he ever known peace and tranquillity. From the time of infancy when he was taken into the home of the Beloved Prophet, Ali felt the ferment of turbulence and turmoil. The Beloved Prophet was constantly persecuted by the Meccan pagans. And from adolescence onwards, Ali was constantly fighting in jihad, and after the death of the Beloved Prophet, he was embroiled against his wish, in the political intrigues of others. Even when elected Caliph, the implacable enemies of Islam arose and rebelled against him, yet he bore all these afflictions with patience, thanking God that he had acquitted himself well in the tests and trials to which the Almighty had thought fit to subject him.”

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