Surah Al-Kauthar and Hazrat Bibi Fatimah (AS)

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem

Assalamu ‘Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

ASALATU WASALAMU ALAYKA YA RASULLALLAH

You should never think that you have more than someone else, because there might come a time when that person has more than you. Remember it is through the blessing of Allah that you have what you have.

Bibi Fatimah Zahra ( Radi Allahu anha) was born to Bibi Khadija ( Radi Allahu anha) and the Prophet ( Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam). Before her birth, the Prophet ( Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) had had two sons, Qasim Radi Allahu anhu and Ibrahim Radi Allahu anhu, but both boys had died when they were babies.

The Prophet ( Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) had started teaching the message of Islam and had made many enemies. As a result, some of the unbelievers began to make fun of him at the death of his sons, calling him “Abtar”.

The word Abtar means an animal that has no tail – and was meant to say that the Prophet ( Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) was tail-less because he had no children to carry on his family.

Thus, when Bibi Fatimah ( Radi Allahu anhu) was born, the following Sura of the Holy Qur’an was revealed:”In the Name of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, the most Kind, the most Merciful. Verily (O Muhammad Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam),We have given you Kauthar. So pray to your Lord and give sacrifice. Verily, your enemies will be Abtar.” Surah al-Kauthar, (108:1-3)

When the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) ( Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) was asked what Kauthar meant, he replied that it was a stream in heaven and the man who would give water from that stream to the believers was Imam Ali ( alayhis ‘salam). He then said that Kauthar also meant abundance, and the birth of Bibi Fatimah ( Radi Allahu anhu) signified that, through her, his descendants would be in abundance.

The promise of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala was certainly true because today, there are countless descendants of the Prophet ( Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam), (Sayyids) while there is nobody who claims to be a descendant of the Quraish. Thus the enemies of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) ( Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) were those who became truly “Abtar”.

This Surah in the Holy Qur’an is thus a reference to Bibi Fatimah ( Radi Allahu anhu).

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